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Home :: Archive :: 1990 :: October ::
New On-Line Shakespeare Resource! (247)
Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 1, No. 75. Saturday, 13 Oct 1990.
 
Date:         Sat, 13 Oct 90 00:06:37 EDT
From:         Ken Steele <
 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 >
Subject:      New On-Line Shakespeare Resource
 
 
    I am pleased to announce a new electronic resource
available to Shakespeareans via SHAKSPER: the Shakespeare
Electronic Text Archive.  This is a 17-megabyte textbase of all
55 authoritative quarto and folio texts of Shakespeare's 38
plays, edited largely from files created by T.H. Howard-Hill in
the 1960s for his series of Oxford Shakespeare Concordances.
These files were obtained by the University of Toronto's Centre
for Computing in the Humanities from the Oxford University
Computing Services Text Archive several years ago, since which
time I have downloaded, formatted, edited, and indexed the
mainframe tapes for use in on-campus networks and on my own
desktop PS/2.
 
    For reasons of copyright, storage limitation, and software
compatibility, it is not possible to make the Text Archive
available directly on the Internet or the SHAKSPER Fileserver.
However, following the lead of the ANSAXNET Anglo-Saxon
Discussion Group, which offers *indirect* access to the
Dictionary of Old English corpus at Toronto, SHAKSPER can offer
access to the Text Archive in a similar way via email.  Queries
of any complexity can be addressed to SHAKSPER or myself, and I
will return the desired results as promptly as possible.  The
advantages of this approach for members include minimizing
network load and the learning curve.  (The disadvantages are
essentially mine.)
 
    The quarto and folio texts in the Text Archive have been
coded with act, scene, and line divisions, stage directions,
speech prefixes, pagination, signatures, italicization, and to
a limited extent line justification and compositor stints.
(All typographical errors are scrupulously retained.)  The
software currently in use is ETC's WordCruncher text retrieval
and analysis program; this permits a variety of search patterns
and analysis techniques over the entire corpus.  Words, word
combinations, word lists, phrases, partial phrases, and even
words NOT in combination can be requested.  A simple index,
keyword in context (KWIC), and/or frequency distribution can be
generated throughout the acts and scenes of a play, the plays
of a given year, the plays of a given genre, plays published in
a particular format, or the corpus as a whole.
 
    For example, the results from a test query (for the word
"test"), resulted in the following eight references:
 
    Computer Book:   C:\ETC\SHAKESPE\SHAKESPE.BYB
    Reference List:  test
 
    Romeo & Juliet (Q1)-2.4:147; Hamlet (Q2)-3.4:154;
    Hamlet (F1)-3.4:149; Troilus & Cress (F1)-5.2:141;
    Measure (F1)-1.1:51; Othello (Q1)-1.3:109;
    Othello (F1)-1.3:121; Tempest (F1)-4.1:7
 
In context, these occurrences appear as follows (note that the
first reveals itself as something rather unexpected):
 
    Computer Book:   C:\ETC\SHAKESPE\SHAKESPE.BYB
    Reference List:  test
 
                I pro-
     |l147    test.
     |l148    <S {Nur:}> Good heart: yfaith Ile tell her so: oh
                      she will be
                               (Romeo & Juliet (Q1) 2.4:147)
 
                      madnesse
     |l154      That I haue vttred, bring me to the test,
     |l155      And the matter will reword, which madnesse
     |l156      Would gambole from, mother for loue of grace,
                                (Hamlet (Q2) 3.4:154)
 
                      madnesse
     |l149        That I haue vttered; bring me to the Test
     |l150        And I the matter will re- word: which madnesse
                                (Hamlet (F1) 3.4:149)
 
     |l140        An esperance so obstinately strong,
     |l141        That doth inuert that test of eyes and eares;
     |l142        As if those organs had deceptious functions,
     |l143        Created onely to calumniate.
                           (Troilus & Cress (F1) 5.2:141)
 
     |l50        <S {Ang}.> Now good my Lord
     |l51        Let there be some more test, made of my mettle,
     |l52        Before so noble, and so great a figure
                                (Measure (F1) 1.1:51)
 
     |l108       <S {Du}.> To youth this is no proofe,
     |l109       Without more certaine and more ouert test,
     |l110       These are thin habits, and poore likelihoods,
     |l111       Of moderne seemings, you preferre against him.
                                 (Othello (Q1) 1.3:109)
 
     |l120        To vouch this, is no proofe,
     |l121        Without more wider, and more #ouer Test
     |l122        Then these thin habits, and poore likely-
                     hoods
                                    (Othello (F1) 1.3:121)
 
     |l6        Were but my trials of thy loue, and thou
     |l7        Hast strangely stood the test: here, afore
                     heauen
     |l8        I ratifie this my rich guift: O {Ferdinand},
                                      (Tempest (F1) 4.1:7)
 
    The following sample frequency distribution will give some
idea of another possible output format, and of the texts
included in the textbase:
 
    Report for:  test
    Total References in List: 8
 
                        Frequency   -- Percentages --
    Range Names           Count  Actual Expect Difference
    -----------------------------------------------------
 
    First Folio               5    63%    66%     -3%
    Good Quartos              2    25%    26%     -1%
    Bad Quartos               1    13%     7%      6%
    Minor Poems               0     0%     2%     -2%
 
    Comedies                  2    25%    27%     -2%
    Histories                 0     0%    27%    -27%
    Tragedies                 5    63%    31%     32%
    Romances                  1    13%     9%      4%
 
    Authorial                 4    50%    70%    -20%
    Jacobean                  4    50%    30%     20%
    Prefatory                 0     0%     0%      0%
 
 
                        Frequency   -- Percentages --
    Play                  Count  Actual Expect Difference
    -----------------------------------------------------
 
    Folio Prefaces            0     0%     0%      0%
    1 Henry 6 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    2 Henry 6 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    3 Henry 6 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Richard 3 (Q1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Richard 3 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Venus&Adonis (Mod)        0     0%     1%     -1%
    Comedy of Errors(F1)      0     0%     1%     -1%
    Sonnets (Mod)             0     0%     1%     -1%
    Titus Andronicus(Q1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
    Titus Andronicus(F1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
    Taming the Shrew (F1      0     0%     2%     -2%
    Two Gentlemen (F1)        0     0%     1%     -1%
    Love's Labours (Q1)       0     0%     2%     -2%
    Love's Labours (F1)       0     0%     2%     -2%
    King John (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Richard 2 (Q1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Richard 2 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Romeo & Juliet (Q1)       1    13%     1%     12%
    Romeo & Juliet (Q2)       0     0%     2%     -2%
    Romeo & Juliet (F1)       0     0%     2%     -2%
    Midsummer (Q1)            0     0%     1%     -1%
    Midsummer (F1)            0     0%     1%     -1%
    Merchant of Ven (Q1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
    Merchant of Ven (F1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
    1 Henry 4 (Q1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    1 Henry 4 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Merry Wives (Q1)          0     0%     1%     -1%
    Merry Wives (F1)          0     0%     2%     -2%
    2 Henry 4 (Q1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    2 Henry 4 (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Much Ado (Q1)             0     0%     2%     -2%
    Much Ado (F1)             0     0%     2%     -2%
    Henry 5 (F1)              0     0%     2%     -2%
    Julius Caesar (F1)        0     0%     2%     -2%
    As You Like It (F1)       0     0%     2%     -2%
    Hamlet (Q1)               0     0%     1%     -1%
    Hamlet (Q2)               1    13%     2%     11%
    Hamlet (F1)               1    13%     2%     11%
    Twelfth Night (F1)        0     0%     2%     -2%
    Troilus & Cress (Q1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
    Troilus & Cress (F1)      1    13%     2%     11%
    All's Well (F1)           0     0%     2%     -2%
    Measure (F1)              1    13%     2%     11%
    Othello (Q1)              1    13%     2%     11%
    Othello (F1)              1    13%     2%     11%
    King Lear (Q1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    King Lear (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Macbeth (F1)              0     0%     1%     -1%
    Antony (F1)               0     0%     2%     -2%
    Coriolanus (F1)           0     0%     2%     -2%
    Timon (F)                 0     0%     2%     -2%
    Pericles(Q1)              0     0%     1%     -1%
    Cymbeline (F1)            0     0%     2%     -2%
    Winter's Tale (F1)        0     0%     2%     -2%
    Tempest (F1)              1    13%     1%     12%
    Henry 8 (F1)              0     0%     2%     -2%
    2 Noble Kinsmen (Q1)      0     0%     2%     -2%
 
 
    SHAKSPEReans are welcome to post queries to the conference
as a whole, or privately.  Parallel searches can also be
performed on the Shakespeare Text Archive and the WordCruncher
Riverside Shakespeare, and/or a public-domain King James Bible.
None of these texts is guaranteed to be flawless, of course
(see "RIVERSID ERRORS" for a summary of errors even in the
commercial product); it is strongly recommended that results be
verified manually prior to publishing research based upon them.
(This process of verification, however, is simply a matter of
checking specific references -- not scouring the canon, as
would be required otherwise!)
 
    [For further information and examples of the Archive's
potential, members can retrieve the files "DYNAMIC SHAKSPER"
and "WCRUNCHR SHAKSPER" from the SHAKSPER Fileserver.]
 
    Members with intriguing queries are also invited to share
them with the entire conference; the results may prompt
interesting discussion.  It is my sincere hope that this
research tool will make SHAKSPER a more valuable resource for
Shakespeareans worldwide, encouraging increases in scholarly
membership, organizational endorsement, and active discussion.
Additional suggestions for electronic resources which could be
shared or distributed via SHAKSPER are, as always, most
welcome.
 
                                  Yours,
 
                                  Ken Steele
                                  Editor, SHAKSPER
                                  University of Toronto
 
                                  <
 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
 >
                                   or <KSTEELE@utorepas>
 
 
[P.S.  This file will be stored on the SHAKSPER Fileserver as
ARCHIVE ANNOUNCE SHAKSPER.]
 

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