Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 2, No. 208. Monday, 9 Sep 1991.
(1) Date: Wed, 4 Sep 1991 13:08 EDT
Subj: Re: SHK 2.0207 Text Encoding Initiative: Request
(2) Date: Mon, 9 Sep 1991 13:21 EST
From: Ken Steele <
Subj: Information on TEI and SGML
Date: Wed, 4 Sep 1991 13:08 EDT
Subject: 2.0207 Text Encoding Initiative: Request
Comment: Re: SHK 2.0207 Text Encoding Initiative: Request
I don't want to sound too ignorant, but could someone explain "Text
Encoding?" David Robey's message intrigued me, but I'd like to know more.
Date: Mon, 9 Sep 1991 13:21 EST
From: Ken Steele <
Subject: Information on TEI and SGML
First, I must apologize for the time it has taken me to post
Larry Schwartz's query regarding the Text Encoding Initiative.
SHAKSPEReans may have noticed an increase in the time-lag recently,
which I promise should now disappear. Thanks to the generosity of the
McMaster University computing services, I now have a local link to my
accounts in Toronto, and I need no longer wait until off-peak hours to
perform my editorial duties here. (This added complication should
remain transparent to you all; just continue to address correspondence
to the list to <SHAKSPER@utoronto.bitnet>, and correspondence to me to
SHAKSPEReans who are also members of FICINO, the Bitnet
discussion group operated by the Centre for Reformation and
Renaissance Studies at the University of Toronto, can directly obtain
further information on TEI by requesting the files TEIGUIDE INFO_1 and
TEIGUIDE INFO_2 from the FICINO Fileserver. (SHAKSPEReans interested
in joining FICINO can drop a note to <FICINO@utoronto.bitnet>). Those
particularly interested in becoming involved in SGML and the TEI can
join the electronic forum, <TEI-L@UICVM.Bitnet>, by sending a
"subscribe TEI-L <yourname>" command to <Listserv@uicvm.Bitnet>.
Also, UNIX users on Usenet/UUCP can access the newsgroup
Comp.Text.sgml. Because information on TEI and SGML is so readily
available elsewhere, in more appopriate forums, I have not devoted
Fileserver resources to the subject. (I can handle individual
requests for the files from non-FICINO members of SHAKSPER, however).
The TEI is an "Initiative for Text Encoding Guidelines and a
Common Interchange Format for Literary and Linguistic Data," as its
letterhead decrees. The TEI is academic, research-oriented rather
than commercial, and is funded by the NEH, the EEC, and the Mellon
Foundation. The TEI aims to define a device- and software-independent
format for encoding texts in a linear data stream, including diacritics
and non-Latin characters, footnotes and non-linear apparatus, logical
divisions of text, etc. The TEI has chosen SGML, the Standardized
General Mark-up Language, as a model for its guidelines, which is a
tagging scheme reminiscent of OCP's angle-bracket tags. The TEI has
published its first draft, but all recognize that considerable
refinement is still required and the voluminous documentation for SGML
has prevented all but the most ambitious from following up on it
immediately. Eventually, software applications will be developed to
simplify SGML tagging and interpretation, at which point it will
probably become more widely-used.
In addition to the two files I mentioned on FICINO, a third,
called SGML BIBLIO, offers additional resources for those curious
about SGML and the TEI. The file was compiled by Robin Cover,
<firstname.lastname@example.org> or <
>. Some of the
more basic appear below:
Barron, David. "Why Use SGML?" Electronic Publishing 2/1
(April 1989) 3-24. CODEN: EPODEU; ISSN 0894-3982.
[Burnard, Lou.] "Use of SGML Markup." Chapter 2 (pp. 9-38) in
Guidelines for the Encoding and Interchange of Machine-Readable Texts
(Text Encoding Initiative, Draft Version 1.0 - See below)
Coombs, James; Renear, Allen; DeRose, Steven . "Markup Systems and
the Future of Scholarly Text Processing." CACM 30/11
(1987) 933-947. ISSN: 0001-0782; cf. CACM 31/7 (July
DeRose, Steven J.; Durand, David G.; Mylonas, Elli; Renear, Allen
H. "What is Text, Really?" Journal of Computing in Higher
Education 1/2 (Winter 1990) 3-26. ISSN: 1042-1726.
Herwijnen, Eric van. Practical SGML. Dordrecht/Hingham, MA:
Wolters Kluwer Academic Publishers. 200 pages. ISBN: 0-7923-
Wu, Gilbert. SGML Theory and Practice. British Library Research
Paper 68. British Library Research and Development Department,
1989. ISSN 0269-9257 ; ISBN 0-7123-3211-1. 93 pages.
The SGML Newsletter. This dedicated SGML publication
is one of several forms of support given to SGML by
the Graphic Communications Association; GCA sponsors other
publications, SGML seminars, workshops and SGML events. Contact:
Graphic Communications Association; 1730 North Lynn Street,
Suite 604; Arlington, VA 22209-2085; Tel: (703) 841-8160; Telex:
510-600-0889; Fax: (703) 841-8171.
SGML Users' Group Bulletin.
SGML Users' Group Newsletter. Both publications are sponsored by the
International SGML Users' Group, founded in 1984 by Joan Smith.
Contact: Mr. Stephen G. Downie; SGML Users' Group, Secretary; c/o
SoftQuad Inc.; 720 Spadina Avenue; Toronto, Ontario; CANADA M5S
2T9; Tel: 1-416-963-8337.
BITNET: TEI-L@UICVM The electronic discussion forum for the Text
Encoding Initiative (implementing SGML for markup of texts
in academic applications, particularly the humanities. Some
discussion focuses on theoretical/practical issues of SGML.
Send an interactive BITNET message, or standard mail to
listserv@uicvm with the single line (as the first line):
subscribe tei-l your_name
USENET/UUCP News: comp.text.sgml (Moderator: Ed Vielmetti)
This discussion forum for SGML began in Fall 1990, and has
support from a number of experts using or developing commercial
applications of SGML (e.g., SoftQuad; Open Text Systems; Info-
Design). The news forum should be accessible from any UNIX site;
see your local UNIX gurus.