1994

Books at Virginia

Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 5, No. 0083. Wednesday, 2 February 1994.
 
From:           Terry Belanger <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 1 Feb 1994 23:39:52 -0500
Subject:        [Books at Virginia]
 
Subscribers to SHAKSPER may be particularly interested in one or
more of the following 5-day non-credit courses offered this
coming summer at BOOKS AT VIRGINIA: RARE BOOK SCHOOL 1994 (RBS):
 
     21 HISTORY OF THE PRINTED BOOK. The production and impact of
     the printed book in the West since the 15th century. The
     transition from MS to printed book; technical and stylistic
     aspects of book production (paper, ink, type, presswork,
     illustration, binding); the professions of authorship,
     printing, and publishing; changing patterns of book
     distribution; the book as an economic, social, and cultural
     force. Aimed at those who have had little or no previous
     formal exposure to this field. Instructors: Alice Schreyer
     and Peter M. VanWingen. (18-22 July)
 
     22 EUROPEAN DECORATIVE BOOKBINDING. An historical survey of
     decorative bookbinding in England and on the European
     Continent, concentrating on the period 1500-1800, but with
     examples drawn from the late 7th century to the late 20th
     century. Topics include: the emergence and development of
     various decorative techniques and styles; readership and
     collecting; the history of bookbinding in a wider historical
     context; the pitfalls and possibilities of binding research.
     Enrollment in this course is limited to those who have taken
     Nicholas Pickwoad's RBS course (see below, no. 43).
     Instructor: Mirjam Foot. (18-22 July)
 
     36 ELECTRONIC FORMATS IN A RARE BOOKS ENVIRONMENT. Taking
     advantage of Alderman Library's computer instruction
     facilities, this course will provide practical training in
     the conversion of printed records to electronic formats. The
     course's emphasis will be on the character-based SGML texts,
     but it will also discuss image formats and strategies for
     making resources available on the Internet. Instructor: John
     Price-Wilkin. (25-29 July)
 
     43 EUROPEAN BOOKBINDING, 1500-1800. How bookbinding in the
     post- medieval period developed to meet the demands placed
     on it by the growth of printing: techniques and materials
     employed to meet these demands; the development of temporary
     bindings (eg pamphlets and publishers' bindings); the
     emergence of structures usually associated with volume
     production in the 19th century; the development of
     decoration; the dating of undecorated bindings; the
     identification of national and local binding styles.
     Instructor: Nicholas Pickwoad. (1-5 August)
 
     46 INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONIC TEXTS. An introductory
     exploration of the range of research, preservation, and
     pedagogical tasks that can be performed with electronic
     texts. Topics include: finding and evaluating commercial and
     other e-texts; the creation of e-texts through OCR scanning
     and other methods; introduction to SGML tagging;
     introduction to text analysis tools; the management and use
     of online texts and related network resources. The course
     assumes familiarity with e-mail and basic computer skills
     such as word-processing, but no previous experience with
     electronic texts. Instructor: David Seaman. (1-5 August)
 
     52 TYPE, LETTERING, AND CALLIGRAPHY, 1450-1830. The
     development of the major formal and informal book hands, the
     dominant printing types of each period, and their
     interrelationship. Topics include: the Gothic hands;
     humanistic script; the Renaissance inscriptional capital;
     Garamond and the spread of the Aldine Roman; calligraphy
     from the chancery italic to the English round hand; the
     neoclassical book and its typography; and early commercial
     typography. Instructor: James Mosley. (8-12 August)
 
     54 INTRODUCTION TO DESCRIPTIVE BIBLIOGRAPHY. Introduction to
     the physical examination and description of books,
     especially of the period 1550-1875. The course is designed
     both for those with little or no prior exposure to this
     subject and for those with some general knowledge of the
     field who wish to be presented with a systematic discussion
     of the elements of physical description (format, collation,
     signings, pagination, paper, type, illustrations and other
     inserts, and binding). A major part of the course will
     consist of small, closely-supervised laboratory sessions in
     which students will gain practice in determining format and
     collation. Instructors: Terry Belanger and David Ferris. (8-
     12 August)
 
A total of 28 5-day courses will be offered on subjects ranging
from the identification of illustration processes to collecting
travel literature.
 
     TERRY BELANGER founded RBS in 1983 at Columbia University,
     where he had various positions in the School of Library
     Service. Since 1992, he has been University Professor and
     Honorary Curator of Special Collections at the University of
     Virginia.
 
     DAVID FERRIS is Curator of Rare Books at the Harvard
     University Law School Library, where one of his interests is
     the descriptive bibliography of early printed books. He has
     been connected with RBS since 1986 and its Associate
     Director since 1990.
 
     MIRJAM FOOT is Director of Collections and Preservation in
     The British Library. She is the author of many books and
     articles on the history of bookbinding, including STUDIES IN
     THE HISTORY OF BOOKBINDING (1993) and (with Howard Nixon)
     THE HISTORY OF DECORATED BOOKBINDING in England (1992).
 
     JAMES MOSLEY is Librarian of the St Bride Printing Library
     in London, the largest library of its kind in the English-
     speaking world. He has lectured widely in the United States
     on typographical subjects. He was Founding Editor of the
     JOURNAL OF THE PRINTING HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
 
     NICHOLAS PICKWOAD recently became Conservator at the Harvard
     University Library. He was formerly Adviser for Book
     Conservation to the National Trust in the United Kingdom.
     This will be the 14th time he has taught this celebrated
     course in RBS.
 
     JOHN PRICE-WILKIN is Systems Librarian for Information
     Services at the University of Virginia, before which he was
     Data Services Librarian at the University of Michigan, where
     he pioneered the provision of campus-wide electronic access
     to literary and linguistic texts.
 
     ALICE SCHREYER is Curator of Special Collections at the
     University of Chicago. She is the author of THE HISTORY OF
     BOOKS: A GUIDE TO SELECTED RESOURCES IN THE LIBRARY OF
     CONGRESS (1987). From 1988-93 she was Editor of RARE BOOKS
     AND MANUSCRIPTS LIBRARIANSHIP, a journal published by the
     Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL), and
     she is a past chair of the ACRL's Rare Books & Manuscripts
     Section.
 
     DAVID SEAMAN is Coordinator of the Electronic Text Center at
     the Alderman Library, University of Virginia. He is the co-
     compiler (with John Kidd) of THE ELECTRONIC JOYCE. He
     lectures frequently on the use of electronic texts in the
     humanities.
 
     PETER M. VanWINGEN is Specialist for the Book Arts in the
     Rare Book and Special Collections Division at the Library of
     Congress, where he has been concerned with many aspects of
     the history of the book. He is a past chair of the Rare
     Books & Manuscripts Section of ACRL and former President of
     the American Printing History Association.
 
The tuition for each RBS course is $525. Low-cost, air-
conditioned dormitory housing will be offered on the Grounds of
the University, and nearby hotel accommodation is readily
available. Students are encouraged to take advantage of RBS's
housing to arrive a few days before their course, or stay a few
days later, in order to give themselves (and their families) a
better chance to explore the Charlottesville area, which includes
many sites of historic interest as well as various vacation
attractions.
 
For a copy of the RBS 1994 Expanded Course Descriptions sheet
(providing further details about the courses offered this year)
and an application form, write, fax, email, or telephone Rare
Book School, 114 Alderman Library, University of Virginia,
Charlottesville, VA 22903-2498: fax 804/924-8824; e-mail
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; telephone 804/924-8851.

Re: The Human Condition

Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 5, No. 0082. Wednesday, 2 February 1994.
 
(1)     From:   Terence Hawkes <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
        Date:   Tuesday, 1 Feb 94 10:43 BST
        Subj:   RE: SHK 5.0079 Re: The Human Condition
 
(2)     From:   John Drakakis <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
        Date:   Tuesday, 01 Feb 94 17:15:00 GMT
        Subj:   SHK 5.0079 Re: The Human Condition
 
(3)     From:   Michael Sharpston <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
        Date:   Tuesday, 01 Feb 1994 20:39:00 -0500 (EST)
        Subj:   RE: SHK 5.0074 Re: *MND*, *Lear*, and the Human Condition
 
(4)     From:   David Schalkwyk <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
        Date:   Tuesday, 2 Feb 94 11:21:47 SAST-2
        Subj:   The Human Condition
 
 
(1)----------------------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Terence Hawkes <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 1 Feb 94 10:43 BST
Subject: 5.0079 Re: The Human Condition
Comment:        RE: SHK 5.0079 Re: The Human Condition
 
Dear Bill Godshalk,
 
Hunger -- yes, but hunger for what? There's no such think as free-floating
trans-historical 'hunger'. Like all human experiences, it takes place
within a specific culture at a specific time and place, and thus aligns
itself with and is defined by specific notions of 'food'. You know as well
as I do that what some cultures regard as 'food' is classified as 'inedible'
by others. You also know that food is hedged about by all sorts of culture-
specific prohibitions, inhibitions, desires and hatreds whose roots are in
religious, political, economic commitments and beliefs -- some carrying the
implication that hunger is a good thing, others that it is not. What you call
'hunger' is such a complex, variable, politically and religiously sensitive
entity that it's surely unwise to assign a simple and universal 'meaning'
to it. To do so is to drain away history, culture, political and social
development and difference in pursuit of an arid 'sameness' whose own
political commitments strike me as at least questionable. No doubt much
of the above applies equally to defecation, a matter raised by another
correspondent. My withers remain unwrung.
 
Terry Hawkes
 
(2)----------------------------------------------------------------------------
From:           John Drakakis <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 01 Feb 94 17:15:00 GMT
Subject: Re: The Human Condition
Comment:        SHK 5.0079 Re: The Human Condition
 
On the question of "universal experience", Messrs Jordan, Lawrence and
Godshalk seem to be confusing two things: (i) biological "facts" which have
to do simply with the physiological operations of the organism- which aligns
Bill Godshalk with "the needs of other mammals, e.g., cats and dogs"- and
(ii) social and cultural experience which is mediated through language and
which is historical and geographical. The latter cannot be reduced to some
kind of quasi-physical fact which is true for all cultures at all times.
 
So, when Terry Hawkes talks about there being no such thing as universal
experience, it is in the context, surely, of literary representations of
experience which are themselves culturally specific, AND which carry with
them an affective power. The assumption that everybody else's experience is
the same as that of Godshalk, Lawrence and Jordan, proposes, it would seem, a
global community all of whose members, despite superficial differences, are
characterized by their commitment to the same things!  The politics of this
position are quite fascinating.  I think Edward Said called a version of it
"orientalism". My response to their claim is simply: "Think so still,
presumptuous, till experience change thy mind"!
 
A happy Chinese New Year Bill
 
John Drakakis
 
(3)----------------------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Michael Sharpston <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 01 Feb 1994 20:39:00 -0500 (EST)
Subject: 5.0074 Re: *MND*, *Lear*, and the Human Condition
Comment:        RE: SHK 5.0074 Re: *MND*, *Lear*, and the Human Condition
 
When I read Martin Mueller (SHK 5.0074) and "it is the professional malpractice
of anthropologists to exaggerate the otherness of strange cultures", I was
drawn to think of "Shakespeare in the Bush", Laura Bohannon, and my own earlier
comments.  By the way, I have been educated by those who have pointed out the
relevant and special marital practices of Henry VIII in comparison to those in
"Hamlet".  There can of course be multiple resonances to a situation as
archetypal as Hamlet, Gertrude, and Claudius.
 
As Martin Mueller pointed out, it is doing an injustice to human beings if one
does not accept both the universality and the individuality of their
experience.  Between individuals, across cultures, across time.
 
          Michael Sharpston
          This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
 
(4)----------------------------------------------------------------------------
From:           David Schalkwyk <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 2 Feb 94 11:21:47 SAST-2
Subject:        The Human Condition
 
We seem to have the same argument every month or so.  In a post sent in October
and again in a summarized form in November I suggested that the notions of an
unchanging human condition verses radical historical and cultural
incommensurability are false and debilitating alternatives.  The issue is the
way in which different historical periods and cultures instantiate relatively
or eternally constant aspects of human behaviour as concepts or meanings.
 
Looking at the issue in this way we see both change and constancy: but we don't
make the mistake of assuming that a condition (even one as apparently
incorrible as birth, death, hunger or defecation) is identical to a meaning.
The facts of all these things may be the same but their significance may
change.  For example, compare them as *concepts* in the leafy suburbs I am
fortunate enough to live in and the squatter camps a few kilometers away: what
does hunger or cold mean to me and my children compared to the street kids, and
how does the concept of defecation differ in a house with water-borne sewage
and a shack with no toilet facilities whatsoever?
 
Marx said: "Man must eat before he can think" (or something of that sort.)  Is
this true?  Why don't we eat the locusts that destroy our crops? So, please
let's stop confusing concepts and things, and let's stop preventing historical
enquiry with dogmatic notions that there can be no points of conceptual contact
across historical periods.  (Sorry, I've had a bad holiday period, and thought
I'd set SHAKsper to MAIL again to relax!)
 
David Schalkwyk
University of Cape Town

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