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Home :: Archive :: 1999 :: December ::
Re: Plariagism
The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.2142  Monday, 6 December 1999.

[1]     From:   Mike Jensen <
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        Date:   Friday, 03 Dec 1999 12:07:45 -0800
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[2]     From:   Al Cacicedo <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 16:28:27 -0500
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[3]     From:   Sara Vandenberg <
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        Date:   Saturday, 4 Dec 1999 00:22:01 -0800 (PST)
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[4]     From:   M. W. McRae <
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        Date:   Saturday, 04 Dec 1999 07:25:28 -0600
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[5]     From:   H. R. Greenberg <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 17:20:42 EST
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[6]     From:   Ron Dwelle <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 17:00:52 -0500
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[7]     From:   Joanne Gates <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 16:29:16 -0600 (CST)
        Subj:   TV notes, plagiarism site

[8]     From:   Susan Medina <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 19:31:12 EST
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[9]     From:   Karen Peterson-Kranz <
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        Date:   Sat, 4 Dec 1999 10:37:31 +1000
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[10]    From:   Skip Nicholson <
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        Date:   Friday, 3 Dec 1999 20:16:34 -0800
        Subj:   RE: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

[11]    From:   Don Weingust <
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        Date:   Saturday, 04 Dec 1999 11:28:14 -0800
        Subj:   Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism


[1]-----------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Mike Jensen <
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Date:           Friday, 03 Dec 1999 12:07:45 -0800
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

David Evett asked:

> Any truth to the rumor that somebody (at Berkeley?) has developed
> software to help professors identify purchased papers?

Here is what I know, and by the way, it is totally plagiarized from the
San Francisco Chronicle.

Mike Jensen

Point, Click, Plagiarize Web site nabs UC Berkeley students stealing
from Net   Tanya Schevitz, Chronicle Staff Writer   Friday, November 5,
1999

 A University of California at Berkeley professor turned the high-tech
tables on some of his science students when he caught them with term
papers plagiarized from online sources.  Professor David Presti caught
45 of his 320 neurobiology students last spring by using the same tools
the cheaters had used -- a computer and the Internet.  Presti relied
upon a new Web site, Plagiarism.org, that scans student papers against
millions of pages on the Internet. His test of the site was so
successful in identifying plagiarists that the university now wants to
use the service for the entire campus.  The Web site, created by a UC
Berkeley graduate student, is confirming what teachers at Berkeley and
universities around the world have suspected for some time -- that the
Internet has been a boon to students searching for a quick and easy way
to write their research papers.  And for the most part, teachers are
grateful that they now have a tool that can root out the miscreants.
``Plagiarism has always existed, but it was almost impossibly hard to
detect because it was only where a professor recognized, `Oh, this looks
familiar' or if it seemed more sophisticated than what the student had
been doing,'' said Presti, who said he had never caught a student
plagiarizing in 12 years of teaching.  Other UC Berkeley professors have
already made their own deals to use the Web site this fall. And dozens
of colleges and high schools here and abroad  --from Georgetown
University to Poland's Torun University -- are also testing the system
as a way to combat plagiarism.  Cheating on university campuses is on
the rise, according to recent studies, in part because the Internet has
provided students with a treasure trove of information that they can
plug into papers by just cutting and pasting.  ``There is no question
that plagiarism has been and continues to be an issue, and with the
Internet, if there hasn't been an increase, it is likely coming. It is
so easy,'' said Donald McCabe, a Rutgers University professor and
founding president of . . .

Some people on college campuses are balking at the idea of using
Plagiarism.org more broadly, saying it breaches a trust between students
and professors.  ``If you put more trust in people, they are going to
tend not to abuse that trust,'' said UC Berkeley senior Cristian
Mueller, 24. ``The people who plagiarize will lose anyway. You are not
going to learn if you aren't doing the work.''  But Theo Carlile,
director of the collegiate seminar program at Saint Mary's College in
Moraga, who headed the drive to get Plagiarism.org on her campus, said
colleges cannot afford to turn their back on the problem.  ``I would
prefer to say this never happens, but unfortunately it does happen. In a
big program like ours, it is very difficult to control, and it is unfair
not to deal with it,'' she said.  Saint Mary's College is testing the
program this semester on about 620 students in freshman classes on Greek
thought and has contracted to use the site campuswide in the spring.
Carlile said she is most interested in the site's ability to build a
database of papers over time so that students cannot recycle work
previously handed in by another student.  That was the original idea
behind the site, which was hatched by UC Berkeley biophysics doctoral
student John Barrie, 31, while he was a teaching assistant for Presti in
1995. He posted all of the papers from Presti's class on a Web site to
allow students to read each other's papers.  But the next semester,
students started telling Barrie of previous papers being poached from
the site for other classes.  So he started by creating a program to
match papers with others previously submitted to the class. From there,
he focused on the online term-paper mills that allow students to
download an entire work with just the point and click of a mouse.  Next,
he recruited eight other UC Berkeley alumni, and they got the site
rolling last spring by scraping together their money, using their
apartments as office space and obtaining donated access to a North
Berkeley Internet server.  The Web sites that offer ready-made term
papers. Now it can run research papers through 20 of the largest search
engines on the Internet, which in minutes can scan millions of Web pages
-- from online encyclopedias to newspaper sites -- looking for similar
phrasing.  The system can lock on to a stolen phrase as short as eight
words, and it can catch copied material even if it has been changed
slightly to appear original.  ``If you can find something on the
Internet, we can find it too,'' Barrie said.  Plagiarism.org produces
reports highlighting passages that come verbatim from Web sites. The
professor gets the report the day after the papers are submitted. It is
up to the instructor to review the report to see whether the computer
picked up a quote or material that was legitimately cited.  ``The final
result is a completely nonambiguous document that shows exactly how much
you have taken from another person's Web site,'' Barrie said.  Those
students who do plagiarize rarely make it difficult to detect, he said.
Presti's class was chosen to test the system last spring, and his
students were warned at the start of the semester that their papers
would be scrutinized. Had they not been forewarned, the number of
students who plagiarized might have been even higher.  One five-page
paper in Presti's class had only a few sentences -- or sentence
fragments -- that were not flagged as having been plagiarized. The site
picked up almost three full consecutive pages pulled from one source on
the Internet, as well as verbatim paragraphs from five other sites.
Presti said students caught plagiarizing were required to redo the
assignment, and the most egregious cases may be subject to a reduction
in their grade or further punishment, possibly including community
service.  None of the students will be suspended or dismissed from the
university this time, because this was a pilot program, Presti said.
However, next semester he plans to give a lecture on ethics and the
correct use of citations and will report any plagiarism to the student .
. .

The campus policy allows for a warning or assignment of community
service for a first offense and suspension or termination for the
second.  The site's scope is not limited to academia. Just last week, it
unearthed plagiarism in an article about medical information on the
Internet that was printed in the Journal of the Royal College of
Surgeons of Edinburgh, Barrie said.  Gunther Eysenbach, a professor at
the University of Heidelberg in Germany, saw the article and sent it to
Plagiarism.org after recognizing phrases from a previous article he had
written.  Sure enough, it picked up several paragraphs that were taken
almost unchanged from his article as well as from other Web sites.
Barrie said the author has retracted the article, and the case has
prompted a call by Eysenbach, who is editor of the Journal of Medical
Internet Research, for all journal articles to be similarly reviewed.
ught and has contracted to use the HOW PLAGIARISM.ORG WORKS  1. An
instructor registers the class with Plagiarism.org.  2.. Instructor has
students upload papers to the system's TurnItIn.com site.  3. The site
uses the top 20 Internet search engines to compare papers with material
on the Web. It also searches against a database of other manuscripts
collected from universities and the Internet.  4. The site locks onto
copied phrases of at least eight words and flags cases of gross
plagiarism where several quotes or phrases are lifted.  5. The
instructor goes to the TurnItIn.com site and can see reports detailing
the degrees of originality for each paper checked by the site. The
report provides a link to connect the professor directly to the site
containing copied materials.    Get a printer-friendly version of this
article . . .

 Feedback    (c)1999 San Francisco Chronicle Page A1

[2]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Al Cacicedo <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 16:28:27 -0500
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

David Evett asks,

The answer is yes: the address, simply enough, is
http://www.plagiarism.org.

I might have the final bit wrong--it could be .com.

[3]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Sara Vandenberg <
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Date:           Saturday, 4 Dec 1999 00:22:01 -0800 (PST)
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

There is a search engine available through Plagiarism.com, but I believe
the cost for each search is $20.

Sara van den Berg

[4]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           M. W. McRae <
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Date:           Saturday, 04 Dec 1999 07:25:28 -0600
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

Yes, browse at  Welcome To Plagiarism.org, the internet plagiarism
detection service for
authors & education.

[5]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           H. R. Greenberg <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 17:20:42 EST
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

There is a thread on this program in the PSYART website exchanges
(Institute for Psychological Study of Art out of Gainesville Fla) with
regard to a question that was raised about a possible plagiarism.  Best
hrgreenberg md endit

[6]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Ron Dwelle <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 17:00:52 -0500
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

I have no info on what Berkeley is up to, but...

One of my junior colleagues came in yesterday, distressed at a paper on
Lear that was clearly plagiarized-she didn't recognize the source (nor
did I), but it was obviously not written by her student.

I tried a Yahoo search on King Lear, and found the paper within 5
minutes-a copy from a web page (by a sophisticated amateur and bard
fanatic).

I also tried a couple of "phrase" searches, and the article popped up
right away.

I was amazed at how easy it was to locate the paper (and how much is out
there to plagiarize)!

I advised her to adopt the practice I now use-requiring my students to
turn in a rough draft of the paper at least 3 weeks before the final
revision is due. Seems to cut down on the worst cases.

Cheers,

[7]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Joanne Gates <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 16:29:16 -0600 (CST)
Subject:        TV notes, plagiarism site

HBO's animated tales for the month are Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.
They are repeated several times, early am. Go to hbo.com for details.

AMC is airing "A Double Life" Monday midday. 12:30 p.m. Eastern.

CNN technology week covered the "plagiarism.org" and its related
"turnitin.com" sites last Saturday.  Either URL should get you there. I
haven't myself tried it out.

Joanne Gates

[8]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Susan Medina <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 19:31:12 EST
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

Yes...the site is www.plagiarism.org

For a small fee, instructors may use the service to compare student
papers to millions of pages of text available on the internet.  The
service provides you with a statistical analysis of the paper and
determines the likelihood that it is plagiarized.  You can go to the
site and register for a free trial membership to investigate how it
works.

Enjoy,
Susan Medina

[9]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Karen Peterson-Kranz <
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Date:           Sat, 4 Dec 1999 10:37:31 +1000
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

Yes, it is true.  Here's the URL: http://www.plagiarism.org/index.html

After taking an admittedly brief look, I probably won't be using the
service, at least right now....  You have to get all your students to
register with the service, and then submit their papers electronically
to the service as well as to you.  To me, this seemed to promise an
unduly adversarial nature between professor and students.  The service
claims that much of their value is as a deterrent, and this is probably
the case.  However, once you have your students registered and they
submit their papers, they do claim that they will be able to identify
plagiarism on the level of eight-word units (comparing the papers to the
WWW and all the papers subscribers register).  For a larger university
than mine where courses are often repeated, it might make sense.  It
does cost money, after a free trial.

I have come to believe that the best solution is to give such bizarrely
detailed term paper assignments that no student will ever be able to
fulfill the assignment with a pre-purchased paper.

Yours in the ongoing guerilla war against plagiarism,

Karen Peterson-Kranz
University of Guam

[10]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Skip Nicholson <
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Date:           Friday, 3 Dec 1999 20:16:34 -0800
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        RE: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

Yes. It's at www.plagiarism.org. It's not free.

Cheers,
Skip Nicholson
South Pasadena (CA) HS

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[11]-------------------------------------------------------------
From:           Don Weingust <
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Date:           Saturday, 04 Dec 1999 11:28:14 -0800
Subject: 10.2131 Plariagism
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.2131 Plariagism

Dear Dave,

Information on this web-based service is available at
http://www.plagiarism.org.

Best,
Don Weingust
 

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