The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 11.1599  Monday, 28 August 2000.

From:           David Lindley <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Friday, 25 Aug 2000 19:05:06 GMT
Subject: 11.1590 Lightning
Comment:        Re: SHK 11.1590 Lightning

Lightning seems to have been represented on the Elizabethan stage by
firecrackers.  There's useful material on this in Andrew Gurr's article
'The Tempest's Tempest at Blackfriars', Sh. Survey 41, (1989), and
Leslie Thomson, 'The Meaning of Thunder and Lightning: Stage Directions
and Audience Expectations', Early Theatre, 2, 1999, 11-24.  And note Ben
Jonson's derisive comments in the prologue to the revised Every Man in
His Humour.

David Lindley
Professor of Renaissance Literature
School of English
University of Leeds

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