The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 16.0177 Friday, 28 January 2005
Date: Thursday, 27 Jan 2005 11:59:23 -0600
Subject: 16.0157 Shakespeare and the Invention of Metaphor and
Comment: Re: SHK 16.0157 Shakespeare and the Invention of Metaphor and
>Tim Carroll and Douglas Galbi want us to suppose that there is
>either personally or historically unique about the metaphoric language
>in Shakespeare. Modern cognitive science, however, is busy
>that making metaphors-and especially using metaphors to relate our
>individual experience to recurrent natural and social phenomena as
>perceived and reported by others ("links to more abstract ideas") is a
>fundamental human mental activity. From the literary angle see
>especially the work of Mark Turner (*The Literary Mind*, *Death is the
>mother of Beauty*) and Gilles Fauconier (*The Way we Think*), which
>offer good introductions. Shakespeare may have been particularly good
>doing it; early modern Europeans put formal training in rhetoric at
>center of their educational theory and practice. But the process
>if the cognitive chaps are right, belongs to all of us.
I would like to add a footnote to what David Evett said in the above
post: metaphor, in modern linguistic studies, has been seen as an
essential and basic feature of all language. It is not "decoration,"
and it is not a trope peculiar to "literature." See *Metaphors We Live
by*, by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson.
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