Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 1, No. 133. Sunday, 2 Dec 1990.
(1)   Date:     Sun,  2 Dec 90 07:40 CST                     (10 lines)
      From:     <ENG003@UNOMA1>
      Subject:  Weeping Deer Not Natural
(2)   Date: 2 December 1990, 10:16:21 EST                    (14 lines)
      Subject: Weeping Deer
(1) --------------------------------------------------------------------
Date:     Sun,  2 Dec 90 07:40 CST
From:     <ENG003@UNOMA1>
Subject:  Weeping Deer Not Natural
The local biologists assure me that deer have no tear glands and are
incapable of weeping.  If not the emblem literature, perhaps the answer
lies in a contemporary bestiary or book of venery.
Judy Boss
(2) --------------------------------------------------------------16----
Date: 2 December 1990, 10:16:21 EST
Subject: Weeping Deer
At the risk of answering my own question, I found a reference to
stricken deer in, of all people, William Cowper, as used by Paul Korshin
in *Typologies in England* (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1982): 360.  "The
deer or hart is a traditional type of Christ; authors of bestiaries and
commentators on texts which mention the hart, especially Psalms 42.1
[quotation omitted], had first made the association in patristic times."
Korshin cites a book I should have looked at before I opened my mouth,
Beryl Rowland, *Animals with Human Faces*, but I still haven't looked
that up.  Anybody know it well?  Roy Flannagan

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