Shakespeare Electronic Conference, Vol. 5, No. 0513.  Wednesday, 8 June 1994.
(1)     From:   John Cox <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
        Date:   Tuesday, 07 Jun 1994 15:38:30 -0500 (EST)
        Subj:   Plays that have stage devils
(2)     From:   W. L. Godshalk <GODSHAWL@UCBEH>
        Date:   Tuesday, 07 Jun 1994 22:15:26 -0500 (EST)
        Subj:   Bardolph/Botolph
From:           John Cox <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Tuesday, 07 Jun 1994 15:38:30 -0500 (EST)
Subject:        Plays that have stage devils
In support of a project I am presently working on, I have compiled a list of
plays that stage devils, in a more or less continuous acting tradition, from
the beginning of English drama to the end of the seventeenth century.  My list
appears below, excluding cycle plays.  Dates are from Harbage, Schoenbaum,
Wagonheim, Annals of English Drama.  I have benefitted from Berger and
Bradford, An Index of Characters in English Drama to the Restoration.
I am publishing my list on the network with a request for additions and
corrections.  My information is especially spotty toward the beginning and end
of the time period, but I would be glad for assistance with any part of it.
1405-25  Castle of Perseverance
1450-1500  Mind, Will, and Understanding (The Wisdom That Is Christ)
1465-70  Mankind
1480-1520  Mary Magdalene
1560  Thomas Ingelend, The Disobedient Child
1565  R. Wever, Lusty Juventus
1568  Ulpian Fulwell, Like Will to Like
1572  Nathaniel Woodes, Conflict of Conscience
1574  The Interlude of Minds
1577  Thomas Lupton, All for Money
1578  Thomas Garter, Most Virtuous and Godly Susannah
1588-93  Christopher Marlowe, Dr. Faustus
1589-92  Robert Greene, Friar Bacon and Friar Bungay
1590  Robert Wilson, Cobbler's Prophecy
1592  A Knack to Know a Knave
1592  Shakespeare, 1 Henry VI
1596  Fulke Greville, Mustapha
1600  William Haughton (revised by "I.T."), The Devil and His
          Dame (probably the same as Grim the Collier of Croydon,
          or The Devil and His Dame, published 1662)
1601  John Day and William Haughton, Friar Rush and Proud Woman
          of Antwerp (lost, payment recorded by Henslowe)
1602  The Merry Devil of Edmonton
1600-04  George Chapman, Bussy D'Ambois
1605  George Chapman, Caesar and Pompey
1606  Thomas Middleton (?), The Puritan
1606  Thomas Middleton, A Mad World, My Masters
1607  Barnabe Barnes, The Devil's Charter
1608  Samuel Rowley, The Birth of Merlin
1609  Nathan Field, A Woman Is a Weathercock
1611  Thomas Dekker, If This Be Not a Good Play, the Devil Is in It
1611  Thomas Heywood, The Silver Age
1613  Robert Daborne, Machiavel and the Devil
1615  John Fletcher, Monsieur Thomas
1616  Ben Jonson, The Devil Is an Ass
1620  Thomas Middleton and Samuel Rowley, The World Tossed at Tennis
1619-20  I.C. (John Cumber?), The Two Merry Milkmaids, The Best
     Words Wear the Garland
1619-23  The Two Noble Ladies and the Converted Conjuror
1621  Dekker, Ford, Rowley,  The Witch of Edmonton
1622  John Fletcher, The Prophetess
1623  John Fletcher, The Devil of Dowgate, or Usury Put to Use
1625  John Fletcher, The Chances
1631  Ben Jonson, Chlorida
1633  Aston Cokain, Trappolin Creduto Principe
1634  William Davenant, The Temple of Love
1635  James Jones, Adrasta
1635  John Kirke, Seven Champions of Christendom
1637  Thomas Nabbes, Microcosmus
1638  William Davenant, Luminalia
1638  John Suckling, The Goblins
1639  1 St. Patrick for Ireland
1670  William Davenant and John Dryden, The Tempest, or The Enchanted Island
From:           W. L. Godshalk <GODSHAWL@UCBEH>
Date:           Tuesday, 07 Jun 1994 22:15:26 -0500 (EST)
Subject:        Bardolph/Botolph
In Jasper Ridley's HENRY VIII, I found the following passage: "Botolph did not
fall into Henry's trap, so Pate, the English ambassador in Ghent, asked the
authorities in the Netherlands to extradite him.  He invented a story that
Botolph had stolen ornaments from a church, because he thought that they would
find this very shocking; but they refused to extradite Botolph." If one is not
a rhotic speaker, Bardolph and Botolph are pronounced very similarly. And, of
course, it has been argued that Bardolph is a late name change. See, e.g.,
Bevington's Oxford edition of 1 HENRY IV, 1.2.153.
In HENRY V, Bardolph is executed for robbing a church (Riverside, 3.6.101 ff).
Is it possible that Shakespeare got the idea of changing Sir John Russil or
Rossill to Bardolph because of the historical Botolph? Would Shakespeare have
known about this incident? And, finally, has this been suggested before?
Or is the suggestion completely off the wall?
Yours, Bill Godshalk

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