Q: British Library

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.1400  Monday 9 August 1999.

From:           Dorina Iancu <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Monday, 9 Aug 1999 11:36:14 +0300 (IDT)
Subject:        British Library

Could anyone recommend to me a hotel within walking distance of the
British Library?

Many thanks,

Queen Elizabeth I

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.1399  Monday 9 August 1999.

From:           Christine Tsai <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Monday, 09 Aug 1999 12:13:08 +0800
Subject:        Queen Elizabeth I

Of course I know the claimation is her political strategy that helped
consolidate her power.  But if the claimed virginity is false, then all
the literary eulogies of it would be false, too!  They might have been
insincere since there were rumors prevailing the court: some said she
bore children of Leicester; in 1619, Ben Jonson told William Drummond
that, Queen Elizabeth had "had a Membrana on her which made her
incapable of man, though for her delight she tried many."  If all these
be verified, even such a giant like Spenser, the composer of #The Faery
Queene#, will prove a hypocrite who uses literature as a tool to
guarantee his position.  So will other poets who did similarly.  Or, we
may interpret his work as a mockery of the Queen to be understood by
those who knew of her adultery.  In one word, this is a new historistic
study.  Any particular suggestions?


Re: Hoghton Tower Controversy

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.1397  Monday 9 August 1999.

From:           Ros King <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Saturday, 7 Aug 1999 03:28:46 EDT
Subject: 10.1374 Re: Hoghton Tower Controversy
Comment:        Re: SHK 10.1374 Re: Hoghton Tower Controversy

Since we're plugging articles we have written and since no-one else at
the Lancashire Shakespeare conference (at least in the papers I heard)
addressed the early start/late start controversy despite the fact that
it is central to the 'Hoghton controversy', my 'The Case for the Earlier
Canon' was published in Honigmann's Festschrift (Shakespearean
Continuities, eds Batchelor, Cain, Lamont 1997). Few people believed
Ernst about Hoghton either when he first wrote the The Lost Years. It is
now a twenty million pound project. Maybe the whirligig of time can
raise up the early start.

Let me also reinforce David Evett's point about the complexity of
religious belief in the period and its relation to politics. Cranmer's
homily of obedience says that you must obey the monarch even if he or
she is a tyrant - which is not, of course, an issue with the just
English royal family! This means that you must adopt the monarch's
choice of religion. It was probably the logic of his intellectual
ownership of this pronouncement, penned to establish the moral legality
of the English reformation, that caused him to recant under Mary -six
times. His story is a strange mixture of accommodation to prevailing
political authority and moral conviction that people living in more
comfortable times have found hard to understand. No doubt he felt
genuine anguish at his recantation but maybe it was the certainty that
he would not be pardoned that enabled him to withdraw them on the day of
his death, and famously to hold the hand that wrote them out to the
flames so it would be burnt first. See Diarmaid MacCulloch's book on
Cranmer. He was burnt for heresy, but I don't suppose Mary could ever
have pardoned the man who divorced her mother.

A simplistic Catholic/Protestant division does nothing to help us
understand the turmoils of the period or the subtleties in Shakespeare's
writing. It is also currently unhelpful to human progress - if you
believe, as I do that the reason humans have the capacity to make art is
to assist in human social evolution. If these plays have continuing
human value (as opposed to simply historical curiosity) it is because
the individual characters express a variety of conflicting opinions
about a whole range of political and personal issues. This means that
the plays do not themselves preach - which in turn is why people can
argue about their meaning and why this list can exist!

By the end of the conference I had become really very distressed by the
sectarian atmosphere that seemed to be developing -  this observation
being met with a rather angry remark by a noted priestly writer on
Shakespeare that it is the Protestants that are sectarian. Nice spot of
burning, anyone?

QMW, University of London

New Website

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.1398  Monday 9 August 1999.

From:           Judith Craig <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Sunday, 8 Aug 1999 18:17:25 -0500
Subject:        New Website

I am sorry to have to admit errors, but there were several in my last
website which has just been redone-with John Dowland's "The King of
Denmark's Galliard"  in the background.  The links are corrected; the
URL correct to Microsoft's specifications, and the graphics are coming
in the mail from the Folger.  I have even made arrangements to have my
as yet unpublished essay available as a download.

Nothing like self-advertisement!

The new URL is :


Thanks for your patience,

Judy Craig

Sovereign Secretly Socializes With Subjects

The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.1396  Monday 9 August 1999.

From:           Mark Perew <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Frid, 6 Aug 1999 13:58:49 -0700 (PDT)
Subject:        Sovereign Secretly Socializes With Subjects

Taken almost straight from the pages of Measure For Measure or Henry V,
Jordan's new monarch, King Abdullah II, has been traveling incognito
among his subjects.

The full CNN story can be found at:

[Editor's Note: This morning's Washington Post reports that the King is
still at it:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/daily/aug99/jordan9.htm -HMC]

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