The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 10.0941  Thursday, 3 June 1999.

From:           Dana Wilson <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:           Wednesday, 2 Jun 1999 18:47:25 -0700 (PDT)
Subject:        Richard II

I have just begun studying Shakespeare's Richard II.  The first fact
which I raised my notice was how heavy the rhyme was in places.

Is there any member of the forum who can tell if any critical analysis
has been done which treats specifically of the use of rhyme in the play,
Richard II?

In I,iii,35, King Richard urges Bolingbroke to speak like a true
knight.  Later in line 135, R accuses both B and Mowbray of disturbing
the peace of his realm with untuned drums, brash trumpets, and iron

However, B and M use almost heavy rhyme through out the exception being
the lament of M, line 155-75.  The odd thing about these absurd lines is
how rich they are in music metaphors.

Later in II,i,120-5, York warns the king against 'lascivious metres' and
'flattering sounds' of the new 'italian fashion'.

In my opinion, this new 'fashion' must refer to the poetic metres
introduced only a generation before the time of Richard II by Petrarch.

Petrarch who was said to have paid audience to the pope in roman costume
may have represented a secular rebellion against the clerical metres
which at the time of the play were still the fashion of the old guard.

I would appreciate any works on the subject of rhyme in Shakespeare's
Richard II to which the members of the forum could direct me.

My thanks in advance I am,

Yours in the work,

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