The Shakespeare Conference: SHK 20.0542  Wednesday, 28 October 2009

From:       Al Magary <This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.>
Date:       Wednesday, 28 Oct 2009 14:22:12 -0700
Subject:    Battle of Bosworth

Battle of Bosworth: Dig Finally Pins Down Long Disputed Site
Guardian, October 28, 2009
By Martin Wainwright

. Discovery of bullets and cannonballs moves defining skirmish of Wars 
of the Roses to new field in Leicestershire

. Scale of find transforms 1485 battle that killed Richard III into 
world landmark, say archaeologists

Five centuries of searching for one of Britain's most significant 
battlefields has finally ended with the discovery of "extraordinary and 
unexpected" pieces of artillery in a Leicestershire field.

The finds near Market Bosworth at last pin down the notoriously 
"wandering site" of the battle that overthrew Richard III -- the last 
English king to die at the head of an army -- and established the Tudor 
dynasty and the modern state.

Surrounded by school parties still studying at least four wrong 
locations, a bevy of archaeologists unveiled 22 primitive pistol bullets 
and cannonballs, alongside soil surveys and data from metal detection 
over 2.7 square miles.

The revelations arise from an overlooked trough of rolling countryside 
two miles from the previously most widely accepted battlefield, below 
Ambion Hill.

The scale of the ammunition haul transforms the battle of Bosworth's 
significance from a national landmark (it is usually ranked with 
Hastings, Naseby and the Battle of Britain) to international importance.

Glenn Foard, who led the ?1m three-year survey for the Battlefields 
Trust, said: "We are seeing here the origins of firepower which led to 
an empire spanning the globe. Now this needs to be explored on every 
battlefield of the period in Europe."

Pictures of stalwart yeomen with bows and arrows have been instantly 
outdated by the find, which shows how the battle, in 1485, was a change 
from previous encounters in the Wars of the Roses.

[ . . . ]

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